The Figure of Pinochet Decreases 40 Years After Chilean Coup
41 percent of Chileans indicated the former general as responsible for the military coup in Chile in 1973, according to a Cerc survey.
SANTIAGO — According to a survey carried out between 10 and 22 June by the Center for the Study of Contemporary Reality (In Spanish “Cerc” ) taken from 1,200 people , 41 percent identified the former general Augusto Pinochet as cause of the coup in Chile that occurred on September 11, 1973. The number increased 17 points over 2003’s measurement , while 9 percent blamed the former president Salvador Allende.
According to the survey, this is the popular sentiment prevailing in the streets of Santiago 40 years after this institutional breakdown occurred , and that coincides with the alternation of political power bloc and the arrival of Sebastián Piñera, the first right wing government after Pinochet, at La Moneda, has greatly increased the negative opinion of the Ex General Augusto Pinochet’s government.
The survey also showed a significant increase – from 48 percent to 68 percent – between 2003 and 2013 – of those who believe that ” there is never reason for a coup ” , compared to 16 percent of the view that ‘the military had reason to give the coup” , a figure that in 2003 reached 36 percent .
On the significance of the coup, the study also records that 63 percent of Chileans think the September 11th of ’73 was “destroying democracy “.
In fact, 55 percent of the population believes that the 17 years of military rule were “bad “, against only 9 percent which qualifies as “good ” and 21 percent that are considered “regular”. In this regard, the Cerc director, Carlos Huneeus , recognized that while it is difficult to determine the reasons for this situation, the difference is marked, ”we have never had that high level of responses among those who think that the 17 years of Pinochet were bad so this is an important change.”
Added to this, also increases the number of respondents who believe that the figure of Pinochet will be remembered as “a dictator “, from 66 percent in July 2009 to 76 percent in 2013, compared to 9 percent who believe the late General would be considered “as one of the top leaders of the twentieth century”, a figure, in all cases, three times lower than in September 1996, of 27 percent.